Little by little the institutional road for the 5G is being built with concessions being given to operators by governments and authorities. If we knew which are Spain’s 5G bands, now we know how long will they be granted to operators and when will they have to have them.
The European Parliament has reached an agreement these last days that the governments of the member states and the European Parliament still have to ratify. In it, the rules are established for the management of the radio spectrum of the 5G across the European Union.
Thus, within the framework of negotiations of the European Code of Electronic Communications, the European Parliament and Council have decided on two key issues. The first one being that, after liberalizing the 3, 6 and 26GHz, the 5G will have to have all the needed spectrum granted before the end of 2020.
The second one is that the new law will establish that the licenses for the use of the spectrum will have to have a minimum duration of 20 years. This will allow operators to make investments in a safer environment that promotes the creation of a better infrastructure and the correct development of the 5G coverage. Such a long period will allow operators to invest with the long term in mind.
These agreement will also allow the expansion of the 5G in a harmonized and more stable way in all the countries of the European Union. This aspect was something that worried operators, who are compelled to buy spectrum bands for millions, and for this reason they asked to be granted the property for a period of more than 10-15 years which is the current duration assigned to 4G frequencies.
This was one of the reasons why they asked for a more open regulation that allowed more capital deployment. It will also make the spectrum more open to smaller operators, something they complained a lot about with the 4G, with which they had to resort to the coverage of the big operators (most of them to Orange). With the new agreement, it will be easier for smaller operators to participate in these investment projects.